A restricted area until opened for trekking in 2008, little information is available on the Tsum Valley area. The valley is a pilgrimage region situated in northern Gorkha. “Tsum” can be translated to literally mean “vivid”. With the Ganesh Himal, Sringi Himal and Boudha ranges providing a backdrop, the natural charm of this Himalayan valley cannot be explained with words. Rich in ancient art, culture and religion, the locals of the area are mostly of Tibetan origin and speak a unique dialect. The Tsum Valley has a long history of Buddhism. The Buddhist saint Milarepa is believed to have meditated in caves of the mountains. The ancient remains of the Tsum Kingdom can still be seen in places inside the valley. Trails are strewn with artistic chortens and lined with walls made of thousands of stone slabs with deities carved into them alongside prayer inscriptions.
However, despite its wealth of ancient Buddhist relics, the remoteness and inaccessibility of the valley has led to it being overlooked in terms of mainstream development. As a result, the unique and primitive culture of the valley remains intact and unaltered.